For children who were born and died within the ten-year gap between censuses, a headstone may be one of the only clues to their existence. Thanks to resources like the Find-a-Grave website, it’s possible to find a record of these headstones from many miles away.
A case in point is the double headstone of Anne B. Montgomery and an unnamed infant sibling, children of Samuel and Susanna H. Ruse Montgomery. Samuel was my great-great-grand uncle. Born in 1832 in New Jersey, he married Susanna before 1870, when they were enumerated in Clark, Ohio. Samuel is listed as age 39, Susanna age 25. William, age 1, is in the household as well. Without the headstone in Lynchburg, Ohio’s, Masonic Cemetery, however, it wouldn’t be apparent that Samuel and Susanna had already lost one unnamed child, who was born and died December 22, 1867.
Samuel and Susanna had another child, Anne B., born March 16, 1871. As noted on Anne’s headstone, she died at the age of six months and 16 days. A little over a year later Susanna herself died as well. Samuel then married Hattie A. Paige (born between 1844-1845), and they had two sons, Edgar and Stanley, both of whom lived to adulthood and had children themselves.