Database

Stephen Hopkins

Stephen Hopkins[1]

Male Abt 1578 - 1644  (~ 66 years)

Personal Information    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Stephen Hopkins  [1
    Born Abt 1578  Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2

    Gender Male 
    _AMTID 190111219807:1030:113173531
     
    _COLOR 19
     
    Died Between 6 Jun 1644 and 17 Jul 1644  Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2

    Notes 
    • IGI//FGRA
      !Perhaps the son of John HOPKINS of Winchester.
      !James W. HAWES: "Stephen and Giles HOPKINS, Mayflower Passengers"; p
      p 1-17.
      DAWES//GATES: "Ancestral Lines"; pp 439-451.
      !MAYFLOWER QUARTERLY: Nov 1985; pp 168-171.
      !Anderson, Robert Charles; "The Great Migration Begins"; NEHGS; Boston, 1
      995;
      pp 986-989.
      !TAG: 1998; pp 161-171.

      Stephen Hopkins was not from Wortley, Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershir
      e, as has been previously published in numerous books and articles, and t
      he claim he married a woman named Constance Dudley is complete fiction. T
      his alleged origin was disproven in my article, "The True English Origi
      s of Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower", published in The American Gene
      alogist 73:161-171. The Wotton-under-Edge claim was never factually so
      und to begin with, based simply on a few name coincidences and wild spe
      culations.

      The baptism records of Stephen Hopkins' children Giles and Constance, a
      s well as an additional child Elizabeth, were discovered in the parish r
      egisters of Hursley, Hampshire, England. Below is a scan of the Hursle
      y parish register for 1606 showing Constance Hopkins' baptism in the or
      iginal records. For those of you who can't read the handwriting, it sa
      ys: "undecimo de May, Constancia filia Steph. Hopkins fuit baptizata", w
      hich translates into English as "Eleventh day of May, Constance daughte
      of Steph. Hopkins was baptized."



      And there in Hursley, on 9 May 1613, Mary Hopkins the wife of Stephen w
      as buried. Mary's children Giles, Constance, and Elizabeth are all nam
      ed in her probate estate papers dated 10 May 1613 and on file at the Ha
      mpshire Records Office (file: 1613AD/046).

      The claim Stephen had a son William is based on Wotton-under-Edge recor
      ds, and is invalid since that Hopkins family had no connection with the M
      ayflower. The claim that Stephen Hopkins of the Mayflower had a son St
      ephen baptized at St. Stephen Coleman Street, London on 22 December 160
      9 is also wrong--no such baptism record exists. This baptism is appare
      tly an error for a real baptism which is found on 3 December 1609 at t
      he parish of St. Katherine Coleman, London. This child died on 19 Febr
      uary 1609/10, and the father had another child named John Hopkins, bapt
      ized on 14 April 1611. Since Stephen Hopkins the Mayflower passenger w
      as in Virginia at the time this child was conceived and later baptized, h
      e could not have fathered it. The name Stephen Hopkins is quite common
      --there are at least five of them in London during this time period. T
      his is just another man named Stephen Hopkins, and there is no connecti
      on with the Mayflower passenger of the same name.

      Will of Stephen Hopkins
      Will of Gyles Hopkins



      -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      --- ------

      BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY:
      Stephen Hopkins was one of only a few passengers on the Mayflower to ha
      ve made a prior trip to America. He came in 1609 on the Sea Venture hea
      ded for Jamestown, Virginia. But instead, they were marooned on an isla
      d following a hurricane, and the 150 passengers were stranded for nine m
      onths. Hopkins led an uprising, challenging the governor's authority, a
      d was sentenced to death. But he begged and moaned about the ruin of h
      is wife and children, and so was pardoned out of sympathy. The company e
      ventually managed to build a ship, and escaped the island. After spendi
      g several years in Jamestown, Hopkins returned to England sometime bet
      ween 1613 and 1617.

      Stephen Hopkins brought with him on the Mayflower his wife Elizabeth, c
      hildren Giles and Constance by his first marriage, and Damaris by his s
      econd marriage. A son Oceanus was born while the Mayflower was at sea. S
      tephen participated in the early exploring missions and was an "ambassa
      dor" along with Myles Standish for early Indian relations.

      Stephen Hopkins is mentioned in a letter written by William Bradford an
      d Isaac Allerton on 8 September 1623, which was found in uncalendered p
      apers at the Public Records Office in London. The letter was presented a
      s evidence for the defense in the 1624 court case Stevens and Fell vs. t
      he Little James. The letter is published in American Historical Review
      , 8(1903):294-301. The short section about Stephen Hopkins reads as fo
      llows (spelling modernized):

      About Hopkins and his men we are come to this issue. The men we retain i
      the general according to his resignation and equity of the thing. An
      d about that recconing of 20 odd pounds, we have brought it to this pas
      s, he is to have - 6 - " - payed by you there, and the rest to be quit; i
      t is for nails and such other things as we have had of his brother here f
      or the companies use, and upon promise of payment by us, we desire you w
      ill accordingly do it.

      Another little-known reference to Stephen Hopkins, which also alludes t
      o his two servants (Edward Doty and Edward Leister), is found in the Mi
      utes for the Council of New England, on 5 May 1623 (reprinted from Pro
      ceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, April 1867, pp. 93-94):

      Touching the difference between Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Peirce, Mr. Hopkins a
      lleadgeth that hee hath paid to Mr Peirce for Transportation of himself
      e and two persons more, and Likewise for ihs goods, wch Peirce acknowle
      dgeth, but alleadgeth, that by reason of his unfortunate returne, the r
      est of the passengers that went upon the Like Conditions have been cont
      ented to allow unto 40s a person towards his Loss, and therefore desire
      th that Master Hopkyns may doe the like, which Mr. Hopkins at length ag
      eed unto, soe as Mr. Peirce and his Associates will accept of £6 for 3 p
      assengers out of £20 his Adventure wch he hath in their Joynt Stock. A
      d therefore they both pray that the Councell will bee pleased to write t
      o the Associates to accept thereof, which they are pleased to doe.

      In 1636, Hopkins was fined for the battery of John Tisdale, in 1637 he w
      as found guilty of allowing men to drink on a Sunday at his house, and i
      1638 he was fined for not dealing fairly with an apprentice-girl, Dor
      othy Temple. He was also charged with several other minor crimes, inclu
      ding selling glass at too high a price, selling illegal intoxicants, an
      d allowing men to get drunk at his house. However, this in no way indic
      ated he was disloyal to the Colony--in fact he was Assistant governor f
      om 1633 until 1636, and he volunteered to fight in the Pequot War of 1
      637.



      -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      --- ------

      SOURCES:
      Caleb Johnson, "The True Origins of Mayflower Passenger Stephen Hopkins
      ," The American Genealogist, 73(1998):161-171.

      John D. Austin, Mayflower Families for Five Generations: Stephen Hopkin
      s, volume 6 (Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1992).

      Eugene Aubrey Stratton, Plymouth Colony, Its History and Its People, 16
      20-1691 (Ancestor Publishers, Salt Lake City, 1986).

      William Bradford and Edward Winslow. A Relation or Journal of the Begi
      ing and Proceedings of the English Plantation settled at Plymouth . . . (
      John Bellamie: London, 1622).

      William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation, ed. Samuel Morison (New York: R
      andom House, 1952).

      Annie Lash Jester, Adventurers of Purse and Person--Virginia 1607-1625, p
      . 213-217.



      -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      --- ------
      Mayflower Web Pages. Caleb Johnson © 1998

      Will of Stephen Hopkins



      -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      --- ------

      The last Will and Testament of Mr. Stephen Hopkins exhibited upon the O
      athes of mr Willm Bradford and Captaine Miles Standish at the generall C
      ourt holden at Plymouth the xxth of August Anno dm 1644 as it followeth i
      these wordes vizt.

      The sixt of June 1644 I Stephen Hopkins of Plymouth in New England bein
      g weake yet in good and prfect memory blessed be God yet considering th
      e fraile estate of all men I do ordaine and make this to be my last wil
      l and testament in manner and forme following and first I do committ my b
      ody to the earth from whence it was taken, and my soule to the Lord who g
      ave it, my body to b eburyed as neare as convenyently may be to my wyfe D
      eceased And first my will is that out of my whole estate my funerall ex
      pences be discharged secondly that out of the remayneing part of my sai
      d estate that all my lawfull Debts be payd thirdly I do bequeath by thi
      s my will to my sonn Giles Hopkins my great Bull wch is now in the hand
      s of Mris Warren. Also I do give to Stephen Hopkins my sonn Giles his s
      onne twenty shillings in Mris Warrens hands for the hire of the said Bu
      ll Also I give and bequeath to my daughter Constanc Snow the wyfe of Ni
      cholas Snow my mare also I give unto my daughter Deborah Hopkins the br
      odhorned black cowe and her calf and half the Cowe called Motley Also I d
      oe give and bequeath unto my daughter Damaris Hopkins the Cowe called D
      amaris heiffer and the white faced calf and half the cowe called Mottle
      y Also I give to my daughter Ruth the Cowe called Red Cole and her calf
      e and a Bull at Yarmouth wch is in the keepeing of Giles Hopkins wch is a
      yeare and advantage old and half the curld Cowe Also I give and beque
      ath to my daughter Elizabeth the Cowe called Smykins and her calf and t
      hother half of the Curld Cowe wth Ruth and an yearelinge heiffer wth ou
      t a tayle in the keeping of Gyles Hopkins at Yarmouth Also I do give an
      d bequeath unto my foure daughters that is to say Deborah Hopkins Damar
      is Hopkins Ruth Hopkins and Elizabeth Hopkins all the mooveable goods t
      he wch do belong to my house as linnen wollen beds bedcloathes pott ket
      tles pewter or whatsoevr are moveable belonging to my said house of wha
      t kynd soever and not named by their prticular names all wch said moove
      ables to be equally devided amongst my said daughters foure silver spoo
      es that is to say to eich of them one, And in case any of my said daug
      hters should be taken away by death before they be marryed that then th
      e part of their division to be equally devided amongst the Survivors. I d
      o also by this my will make Caleb Hopkins my sonn and heire apparent gi
      veing and bequeathing unto my said sonn aforesaid all my Right title an
      d interrest to my house and lands at Plymouth wth all the Right title a
      d interrest wch doth might or of Right doth or may hereafter belong un
      to mee, as also I give unto my saide heire all such land wch of Right i
      s Rightly due unto me and not at prsent in my reall possession wch belo
      gs unto me by right of my first comeing into this land or by any other d
      ue Right, as by such freedome or otherwise giveing unto my said heire m
      y full & whole and entire Right in all divisions allottments appoyntmen
      ts or distributions whatsoever to all or any pt of the said lande at an
      y tyme or tymes so to be disposed Also I do give moreover unto my fores
      aid heire one paire or yooke of oxen and the hyer of them wch are in th
      e hands of Richard Church as may appeare by bill under his hand Also I d
      o give unto my said heire Caleb Hopkins all my debts wch are now oweing u
      to me, or at the day of my death may be oweing unto mee either by book
      e bill or bills or any other way rightfully due unto mee ffurthermore m
      y will is that my daughters aforesaid shall have free recourse to my ho
      use in Plymouth upon any occation there to abide and remayne for such t
      yme as any of them shall thinke meete and convenyent & they single pers
      ons And for the faythfull prformance of this my will I do make and orda
      yne my aforesaid sonn and heire Caleb Hopkins my true and lawfull Execu
      tor ffurther I do by this my will appoynt and make my said sonn and Cap
      taine Miles Standish joyntly supervisors of this my will according to t
      he true meaneing of the same that is to say that my Executor & supervis
      or shall make the severall divisions parts or porcons legacies or whats
      oever doth appertaine to the fullfilling of this my will It is also my w
      ill that my Executr & Supervisor shall advise devise and dispose by the b
      est wayes & meanes they cann for the disposeing in marriage or other wi
      se for the best advancnt of the estate of the forenamed Deborah Damaris R
      uth and Elizabeth Hopkins Thus trusting in the Lord my will shalbe trul
      y prformed according to the true meaneing of the same I committ the who
      le Disposeing hereof to the Lord that hee may direct you herein

      June 6th 1644

      Witnesses hereof By me Steven Hopkins

      Myles Standish

      William Bradford



      -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      --- ------

      Mayflower Web Pages. Caleb Johnson © 1997
    Person ID I37572  Megan's Big Tree
    Last Modified 31 Dec 1969 

    Family 1 Mary,   b. Abt 1580, Hursley, Hampshire, England
    Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Y
     (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Married Abt 1603  Hursley, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 

    Married 1604  Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2

     
    Address:
    Probably
     
    Children 
     1. Elizabeth Hopkins,   c. 13 Mar 1604, Hursley, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1613 and 1620  (Age ~ 8 years)
     2. Constance Hopkins,   c. 11 May 1606, Hursley, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1677, Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 71 years)
     3. Giles Hopkins,   c. 30 Jan 1608, Hursley, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 5 Mar 1689 and 16 Apr 1690, Eastham, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jun 2022 
    Family ID F15693  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth Fisher,   b. Abt 1600, London, England
    Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1640 and 1644, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
    Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 40 years) 
    Married 19 Feb 1618  Whitechapel, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Address:
    St. Mary Matfellon
     

    Children 
     1. Damaris Hopkins,   b. Abt 1619, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 22 May 1627, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 8 years)
     2. Oceanus Hopkins,   b. Between 6 Sep 1620 and 11 Nov 1620,   d. Bef 1623, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 2 years)
     3. Caleb Hopkins,   b. Abt 1623, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1644 and 1651, Barbados Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 21 years)
     4. Deborah Hopkins,   b. Abt 1625, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1669, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 44 years)
     5. Damaris Hopkins,   b. Aft 1627, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between Jan 1666 and 18 Nov 1669, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 37 years)
     6. Ruth Hopkins,   b. Abt 1630, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 8 Oct 1644  (Age ~ 14 years)
     7. Elizabeth Hopkins,   b. Abt 1633, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between Oct 1657 and 5 Oct 1659, Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 24 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jun 2022 
    Family ID F15694  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1578 - Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1603 - Hursley, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - ,Address:
    Probably - 1604 - Hampshire, England
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Address:
    St. Mary Matfellon - 19 Feb 1618 - Whitechapel, Middlesex, England
    Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Between 6 Jun 1644 and 17 Jul 1644 - Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Sources 
    1. [S2551] U.S., Sons of the American Revolution Membership Applications, 1889-1970 , accessed; 16 October 2021; Robert Parmelee Wilder
      .

    2. [S730] The Mayflower Passengers Website .